Citrus × sinensis (Rutaceae family) 

Origin: China
Fruiting season: year round
Height: small tree (15 – 30 ft)
Relatives: lime, lemon, grapefruit

Orange is one of the most widely-planted and prolific citruses grown in Hawaii. The taxonomy of Citrus genus is complex, and cultivation goes back at least 2500 years. While the precise number of species is unclear, all originated from three primary ancestors: citron, pomelo and mandarin.

The orange is a hybrid between pomelo and mandarin. There are sweet and bitter oranges and sweet oranges can be further divided into three groups: navel, common, and blood oranges.

Oranges are rich in vitamins and minerals, especially vitamin C. Similar to all citrus, the peel contains aromatic oils and the fruit’s zest is used to add flavor to cakes and salad dressings

The flesh is juicy, aromatic, acidic, and refreshing with a balance of sweet and sour.

Note: At different times we may have variations in the varieties we carry. Many citrus varieties can be available in dwarf, semi-dwarf, or full size, and either have seeds, low seed, or be seedless.


Orange cut open
Oranges on tree

Orange Varieties

Orange, Cara Cara Navel – Cara Cara oranges have a sweet and slightly tangy flavor, often described as more complex and less acidic than traditional Navel oranges. The skin is like other oranges, but what sets Cara Cara apart is its pink to red-hued flesh, which can vary in intensity. Fruits can be enjoyed fresh, sliced in salads, juiced, or used in various culinary applications. The vibrant color adds an appealing touch to dishes.

Orange, Washington Navel – Washington Navel Oranges are known for their sweet and mild flavor, making them a favorite for fresh consumption and juicing. The fruit is usually large, round, and has a prominent navel-like formation at the blossom end, which gives this variety its name. Typically, fruits are seedless or have very few seeds. The thick peel is easy to remove, and the segments separate easily, making them convenient for snacking.

Orange, Navel – Navel Oranges belong to the sweet orange category and have a distinctive navel-like formation at the blossom end, which is actually a second fruit embedded in the larger fruit. The thick skin is easy to peel and the fruit separates easily into segments. The taste is sweet and mildly tangy, making them popular for fresh consumption and juicing. Fruits are seedless or contain very few seeds, enhancing their appeal as a snack or for juicing.

Orange, Valencia – Valencia Oranges are a type of sweet orange known for their juiciness and suitability for making fresh orange juice. They have a balanced flavor profile, combining sweetness with a refreshing hint of tartness. Many cultivated varieties are seedless, making them convenient for eating and juicing. While Valencia Oranges are often enjoyed fresh, they are especially valued for juicing due to their high juice content and excellent flavor.