Citrus × paradisi (Rutaceae family) 

Origin: Barbados
Fruiting season: year round
Height: small tree (15 – 20 ft)
Relatives: lime, lemon, orange

Grapefruit is one of the most widely-planted and prolific citruses grown in Hawaii. It is a citrus hybrid originating in Barbados as a cross between the sweet orange (C. sinensis) and pomelo (C. maxima). The name alludes to clusters of fruit on the tree that often appear similar to grape clusters. The fruit is yellow-orange skinned and approximately 4-6” in diameter. The interior flesh is segmented and varies in color from white, yellow, and pink to red (generally, the red varieties are the sweetest).

Citrus trees require a well-drained soil and regular fertilization.

The taxonomy of Citrus genus is complex with cultivation dating back at least 2500 years. While the precise number of species is unclear, all originated from three primary ancestors: citron, pomelo and mandarin.Grapefruit is rich in vitamins and minerals, especially vitamin C. Similar to all citrus, the peel contains aromatic oils and the fruit’s zest is used to add citrus flavor to recipes. The flesh is juicy, aromatic and acidic with a refreshing balance of sweet, sour and bitter notes. 

Note: At different times we may have variations in the varieties we carry. Many citrus varieties can be available in dwarf, semi-dwarf, or full size, and either have seeds, low seed, or be seedless.


Grapefruit cut open

Grapefruit Varieties

Grapefruit, Ruby Red – The Ruby Red grapefruit is named for its vibrant red flesh, which sets it apart from other varieties. It originated in Texas, and it quickly gained popularity for its appealing color and taste. Known for its sweet and tangy flavor profile, the Ruby Red grapefruit has a balance between sweetness and acidity, making it a versatile and enjoyable grapefruit. Ruby Red tree is low maintenance, drought tolerant and disease resistant. 

Grapefruit, Oro Blanco – Oro Blanco grapefruits are usually larger than a typical grapefruit. It is a cross between a sweet white grapefruit and a pomelo. The peel color is not the primary indicator of ripeness. The fruit has an aromatic, floral scent, and a delicate, sweet flavor with no acidic or bitter aftertaste. The flesh inside is typically seedless. Oro Blanco was developed in California, and it has gained popularity for its pleasant taste and versatility in various culinary applications.

Grapefruit, Flame – Flame grapefruit has a vibrant pink flesh and a smooth yellow rind with a pink blush. It is cherished for its juicy flesh and sweet and tangy flavor. The red pigmentation often indicates a slightly higher sugar content than traditional white grapefruit. It has a good balance of sweetness and tartness. It can add a zesty spark to salads and desserts. Fruits are seedless or have minimal seeds, enhancing their appeal for eating and juicing. It is also known as a Star Ruby or Flame Ruby.