Citrus limon (Rutaceae family)
Origin: South Asia
Fruiting season: year round
Height: small tree (10 – 20 ft)
Relatives: lime, orange, grapefruit
Lemon is one of the most widely-planted and prolific citruses grown in Hawaii. The fruits are yellow and approximately 3” in diameter. The taxonomy of Citrus genus is complex, and cultivation goes back at least 2500 years. While the precise number of species is unclear, all originated from three primary ancestors: citron, pomelo and mandarin.
Citrus trees require a well-drained soil and regular fertilization.
Lemons are rich in vitamins and minerals, especially vitamin C. Similar to all citrus, the peel contains aromatic oils and the fruit’s zest is used to add flavor to dishes. Lemon juice is a characteristic ingredient in many desserts and beverages. The distinctive astringent flavor is used to enhance many poultry, fish, and vegetable dishes worldwide.
The flesh is juicy, aromatic, acidic, and refreshing with a balance of sweet and sour.