Mangifera indica (Anacardiaceae family)
Fruiting season: summer
Height: large tree (over 100 ft)
Relatives: cashew, pistachio
The mango is a large tree, indigenous to India, capable of reaching a height and crown width of a 100’ or more. The earliest known reference to cultivation can be traced to 2000 BC. The trees are long-lived and some specimens still fruit after 300 years.
Mangos prefer warm, dry growing conditions. In Hawaii, mango trees begin to bear fruit in May with peak season in July. Some trees are still producing fruit as late as October. Grafted trees begin fruiting within three to four years.
The fruit comes in many different shapes, sizes and colors and contains a single flat seed which does not separate easily from the pulp. The flesh is golden, aromatic and juicy when ripe. The texture is silky and varies in firmness and fiber content by variety. The taste could be described as an intersection of a delicious, perfectly ripe peach with hints of pineapple and complex resinous notes, especially closer to the skin. Mangoes are consumed worldwide by a factor of 3 to 1 over bananas and 10 to 1 over apples.